Saturday, September 9, 2023

Education in India


Education in India is a complex process that is regulated by several governing bodies. In this blog post, we will take a detailed look at it.


Education System of India

The school education system in India is vast and complex. It is overseen by three national bodies: The All India Council for Technical Education, the University Grants Commission, and the National Council of Educational Research and Training. In addition to these, each state has its Department or Ministry of Education, which regulates school education within its jurisdiction.
In India, the literacy rate for people aged seven and above is 74.04%. The male literacy rate is 82.14% while the female literacy rate is 65.46%. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for higher education in India is 26.30%. The GER is the percentage of people aged 18-23 who are enrolled in higher education institutions. In India, there are more than 700 universities and 37000 colleges.
The education system of India as a whole is not up to the mark. There are many problems in the education system. The quality of education is not good. There is a lot of corruption in the education system. The government is not doing enough to improve the education system.
There are many private schools in India which are providing good quality education. But the fees of these schools are very high. So, only rich people can afford to send their children to these schools. Many public schools in India are not provided with good quality education. The government is not doing anything to improve the condition of these schools.
The dropout rate is very high in India. Many students dropout of school before completing their education.

 
Governing Bodies

The Indian school education system is overseen by three national bodies:

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)

The AICTE is responsible for regulating technical education in India. It was established in 1945 as an advisory body to the Government of India and became a statutory body in 1987. The AICTE accredited and approved institutions for technical and management education in India. As of 2019, there are more than 3000 AICTE-approved institutions in India.


University Grants Commission (UGC)

The University Grants Commission is a statutory body that provides recognition to universities in India. It also provides financial assistance to eligible universities and colleges. The UGC was established in 1956 and currently has fifty-six members.


National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)

The National Council of Educational Research and Training is an autonomous organisation that advises the Government of India on education policy. It was established in 1961 and its headquarters are located in New Delhi. The NCERT develops textbooks, teacher training materials, and research journals.
School education in India starts at the age of three with pre-primary school. Pre-primary school is not compulsory and is not part of the formal education system. The pre-primary stage is followed by five years of primary schooling, which is divided into two cycles of two years and three years. After the completion of primary school, children can either attend middle school or high school. The middle school comprises Grades VI to VIII, while high school includes Grades IX to XII. Upon successful completion of high school, students can pursue higher education at a university or college.


Types of Education in India

There are two types of education in India: formal and informal. Formal education is imparted in schools, colleges, and universities that follow a set curriculum. Informal education is provided outside the formal education system and does not follow any set curriculum. It includes training programs, workshops, and internships.


Formal Education:

Formal education is imparted in schools, colleges, and universities that follow a set curriculum. In India, the formal education system consists of five years of primary schooling, followed by three years of middle school and two years of high school. After the completion of high school, students can pursue higher education at a university or college.


Informal Education:

Informal education is provided outside the formal education system and does not follow any set curriculum. It includes training programs, workshops, and internships. Informal education can be beneficial for students who want to learn specific skills or knowledge that are not covered in the formal education system. It can also be helpful for students who want to gain work experience before entering the workforce.


Indian universities such as the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) are ranked amongst the top universities in the world.

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