Wednesday, February 21, 2024

Sainik Schools

 Sainik Schools




The Sainik Schools are a system of public schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence (MoD). They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the officer cadre of the Indian Military. The primary objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare students academically, mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Indian Naval Academy (INA). Sainik Schools, along with 1 RIMC and 5 RMS (Rashtriya Military Schools), contribute 25% to 30% officer cadets to NDA and INA. As of 2021, there were 33 Sainik Schools, and MoD will establish 100 more boarding Sainik Schools in public–private partnership (PPP) mode. MoD run Sainik Schools as joint venture with the respective state governments. MoD provides annual funding, and serving officers on deputation to school. State governments provide the land, infrastructure, and other teaching and administrative employees. Sainik Schools follow the "CBSE Plus" by using CBSE curriculum while additionally aiming to prepare children for entry into NDA and INA. Admission to Sainik Schools is granted at class VI and class IX. The reservation policy caters for SC/ST, domicile of the respective states and the wards of Armed Forces employees and ex-servicemen.

History




The inspiration for setting up the Sainik Schools came from the Royal Indian Military College (RIMC) and Royal Indian Military Schools (now called Rashtriya Military School or RMS) which have given India many service chiefs. 1 RIMC and 5 RMS were established by the government after the World War I to Indianise the British Colonial Military in India by providing western style education with the aim to prepare the potential pool of future military officers. RIMC was established in 1922. Five RMS were established, namely Chail Military School in 1922, Ajmer Military School in 1930, Belgaum Military School in 1945, Bangalore Military School in 1946 and Dholpur Military School in 1962. First Sainik School came up in 1961. Additionally, there are several private military schools, Maharashtra has highest number of those.Oldest private military school is Bhonsala Military School, which was established in 1937. Although Sainik School, Lucknow, established in 1960 was the first Sainik School, is not under the Sainik School Society, but rather under Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860). In 2008, in his Union Budget the Finance minister, P Chidambaram, allocated ₹2 crore to each of the 25 Sainik schools, to counter rising attrition in the defence forces, especially at the officer level. Sainik schools are ordinary citizen's public school where deserving students get high-quality education irrespective of their income or class background. Seats are reserved for children of SC/ST and serving/retired defence personnel. The objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare the students to lead as officers in the Defence Services of the country. The schools select bright and promising students through an All India Sainik School Entrance Examination (AISSEE) and focus on moulding their overall personality with emphasis on extracurricular activities. Sainik schools resources allow cadets to develop their skills in sports, academics and other extracurricular activities. Infrastructure in Sainik Schools include running tracks, cross-country tracks, indoor games, parade grounds, boxing rings, firing ranges, canoeing clubs, horse riding clubs, mountaineering clubs, trekking and hiking club, obstacles courses, football, hockey and cricket fields, as well as volleyball and basketball courts. Cadets also become a part of NCC. A cadet who completes their 12th standard usually possess a NCC B certificate. Cadets are assigned to houses. They are classified as sub-juniors, juniors and seniors respectively depending upon their class of study. Cadets compete in sports, physical training, academics, cross country, drill and various other competitions to win their house trophy.

Sainik Schools Society

The Sainik Schools Society is an organisation under the Ministry of Defence. The Chief Executive Body of the Sainik Schools Society is a Board of Governors functioning under the Chairmanship of the Defence Minister. For exercising closer control and supervision over the affairs of Sainik Schools there is an executive committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary. The day-to-day work of the Society is managed by JS (Trg) & Hony Secretary who is assisted by Inspecting Officers, DS (Trg), Under Secretary, Sainik Schools Society (Sainik School Cell). The staff for the cell is provided by the MoD. The local administration of the school is looked after by a Local Board of Administration whose chairman is the GoC-in-C of the concerned Command where the Sainik School is located.

Thursday, January 11, 2024

About JNV

 About JNV

Total 661 functional residential schools have been sanctioned in 638 districts of India with some special case institutes. These are administered by eight regional offices with jurisdiction over different states and UTs.




Regions 

Bhopal (113)

Chhattisgarh (28), Madhya Pradesh (54), Odisha (31)

Chandigarh (59)

Chandigarh(1), Himachal  Pradesh (12), J&K (21), Ladakh (2), Punjab (23)

Hyderabad (77)

A & N Islands (3), Andhra Pradesh(15), Karnataka (31), Kerala (14),Lakshadweep (1), Puducherry (4), Telangana (9)

Jaipur (65)

Delhi (9), Haryana (21), Rajasthan (35)

Lucknow (89)

Uttarakhand (13), Uttar Pradesh (76)

Patna (85)

Bihar (39), Jharkhand (26), West Bengal (20)

Pune (73)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (1+2), Goa (2),Gujarat (34), Maharashtra (34)

Shillong (100)

Arunachal Pradesh (18), Assam (28), Manipur (11),Meghalaya (12), Mizoram (8), Nagaland (11), Sikkim (4), Tripura (8)

Admission

Admission to Class VI of the JNVs requires qualification in the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test (JNVST), an entrance exam designed, developed and conducted by the CBSE. JNVST for Class VI is conducted annually throughout the country to select the 80 most meritorious students for each JNV. It is conducted in three phases per year, depending upon the session structure in the specific state or union territory. Candidates can apply for the test only once during their Class V. Competition in the entrance exam can be gauged from the fact that in JNVST 2021, a total of 2,41,7009 students appeared and 47,320 students were selected (i.e. approx 2% pass percentage) The test encompasses mental ability skills, mathematics, and regional language. The schools provide reservations as per NVS policy which encompasses reservation for ST, SC and OBCs, at least 75% selection of students from rural areas, maximum 25% from urban areas, fixed 33% for female students and 3% for disabled candidates.

To compensate for attrition and optimally utilize seats, JNVST, developed by CBSE, is also conducted for admission to Class IX and lateral admissions, based on lateral test for filling the vacant seats as most of the seats in class 11th are given to students passing 10th from the school.




Academics at JNVs

JNVs have classes from VI to XII standard. A particular JNV usually provides two streams among Science, Arts and Commerce for Class XI and XII. JNVs are known for their academic excellence, which can be attributed to their merit-based entrance test and unique climate provided for otherwise disadvantaged children,[21] and which is further proven by their performance at board examinations. More than half of JNVs have been equipped with smart classes. These schools regularly organize science congresses and exhibitions to promote a research mindset.

Three-language formula

To facilitate migration every JNV student learns three languages in class VI to Class IX.[23] These languages are grouped into A Level, B-I Level and B-II Level. The pattern followed in different categories of states is as shown in the table below. However, CBSE mandates for children to study two languages only. Therefore, students of each category of states appear for A Level and B-I level languages at CBSE examinations.

Board results

JNVs has consistently produced the best results in CBSE board examinations over the years. In 2015–16 results, JNVs had a pass percentage of, 98.87% in Class X board exams and 96.73% in Class XII board exams. The pass percentage for JNVs has been higher than independent private schools, government schools and even Kendriya Vidyalayas. Quality of performance in the Board examinations has been exemplary with an average score of about 75% in Grade 12th and 78% in class 10th, with more than 89% of students scoring First Division scores, in the Board Examinations 2019.

Science promotion activities

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti provides various experiences leading to science promotion and motivation to students to select STEM as their career. Various activities under this include: Children Science Congress, Participation in multiple academic contests/Challenges/Olympiads, visit Research Institutes, Tinkering Labs in schools, Environmental activities, Arranging International exposure to students, Enriched ICT support and Entrepreneurial skill training.

The annual Science Congress is organized annually in collaboration with research institutes and institutes of national importance at the regional level. Exhibitions are organized at school, cluster, regional and national level for physics, chemistry Biology and maths.

Smart classes

Navodaya Vidyalayas in collaboration with Samsung India set up smart classes in 450 JNVs and 7 Navodaya Leadership Institutes from 2013 to 2019.A smart class is typically equipped with an interactive Smartboard, laptops/tablets, Wi-Fi connectivity and power backup. A smart class supplements regular lessons in mathematics, science social science, English, and Hindi to explain concepts in an engaging and interactive manner. Teachers are trained to use the equipment effectively.

Social and cultural life

The social milieu of JNVs is defined by the mingling of different sections of society from various regions of India since these schools follow the affirmative action policy and have a policy for migration from different linguistic regions. Teachers, chosen from across the country, live on the same campus and interact with students on a 24X7 basis leading to a familial feeling.

Promotion of National Integration through Migration

One of the important features of the JNV scheme is the Migration Programme wherein two linked JNVs of different linguistic categories exchange students between them.  The aim of the exchange program is to "promote national integration and enrich social content". According to the scheme, a selected 30% of Class IX students are exchanged between two linked JNVs of different linguistic categories (generally between Hindi-speaking and non-Hindi-speaking states) for one year. During the migration period the three languages being taught to migrated students remain the same as in their parent JNV, but social and cultural exchanges are facilitated by their language learning in Class VI to IX.  Initially migration was envisaged for students from Class IX to Class XII; it was reduced to two years (Class IX and Class X) in 1991–92. Finally in 1996-97 it was confined to only Class IX students.




Thursday, December 21, 2023

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya


Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) is a system of central schools for talented students predominantly from rural areas in India, targeting gifted students who lack access to accelerated learning due to financial, social and rural disadvantages.



 They are run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, Noida, an autonomous organization under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education .JNVs are fully residential and co-educational schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), with classes from VI to XII standard.

 
Budget for all the activities at JNVs are provided by the Ministry of Education, and it's free of cost for students during the first 3 years of stay, from class IX onwards a nominal fee of ₹600 per month is applicable for general and OBC caste students.

JNVs exist all over India, with the exception of Tamil Nadu. As of 31 December 2022, 661 JNVs were running with about 2,87,568 students enrolled, out of which 2,51,430 (≈87%) were from rural areas. In 2022, JNVs were the top-ranked C.B.S.E. schools, having a pass percentage of 99.71% and 98.93% in 10th and 12th grades respectively.





History of JNV

The idea of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas conceived by former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. The concept of opening a JNV in every district of India was born as a part of the National Policy on Education, 1986 with an aim of providing excellence coupled with social justice. Subsequently, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) was registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.




As per policy of the government, one JNV was to be established in each district of country. To start with, two Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas were established during 1985–86, at Jhajjar (Haryana) and Amravati (Maharashtra). As of the 2022-23 academic session, JNVs had been sanctioned for 638 districts. In addition, ten JNVs have been sanctioned in districts having a large population of ST population, ten in districts having a large concentration of SC population and 3 special JNVs in Manipur and Ratlam, bringing the total number of sanctioned JNVs to 661. Out of these 649 JNVs are functional.

Organisational structure

Navodaya Vidyalayas are run by the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS), an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Education (MoE)(formerly the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) (1985–2020) ), Department of School Education and Literacy, Govt. of India. The Chairman of the Samiti is the Minister of Education.

The Samiti functions through the executive committee under the Chairmanship of the Minister of Education. The executive committee is responsible for the management of all affairs including allocation of funds to the Samiti and has the authority to exercise all powers of Samiti. It is assisted by two sub-committees, the Finance Committee and Academic Advisory Committee. The executive head of the administrative pyramid is the Commissioner who executes the policies laid down by the Samiti's executive committee. He/she is assisted at the Headquarters level by Joint Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners. 

The Samiti has established eight regional offices for the administration and monitoring of Navodaya Vidyalayas under their jurisdiction. These offices are headed by a deputy commissioner and assistant commissioners.

For each JNV, there is a Vidyalaya Advisory Committee for assistance on matters of academics, infrastructure and other general activities and a Vidyalaya Management Committee for budget preparation, selection of ad-hoc teachers and proper functioning of the school.Normally the district collector of the concerned district is the ex-officiol chairman of school level committees with local educationists, public representatives and officers from the district as members. Some schools also have a Vidhyalaya Coordination Committee for looking after the performance of academics.

Tuesday, December 12, 2023

Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam

 Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam



The Maharashtra Pre Secondary Scholarship Examination (Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam) is an important event for students in Class 8 in the state of Maharashtra.

It provides a platform for students to demonstrate their academic ability, get recognized for their hard work and dedication, and receive financial assistance for their further education.

Students who are preparing for the examination are encouraged to study hard and give their best shot to achieve their goals.




MAHA Scholarship Exam FAQs


What is the eligibility criteria for appearing in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

To be eligible to appear in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students, students must be enrolled in a government-run school in the state of Maharashtra and must meet the specified age and income criteria. The exact eligibility criteria are determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.

What is the reward for passing the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

Students who pass the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students are awarded a scholarship by the Maharashtra State Government. The scholarship provides financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society and is aimed at promoting education and encouraging students to excel in their studies. The exact amount of the scholarship is determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.





What is the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

The Maharashtra Scholarship Exam is an annual examination conducted by the Maharashtra State Government for students studying in government-run schools in Class 5 and Class 8. The exam is designed to provide financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society and to promote education and encourage students to excel in their studies.

How do I apply for the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

Students can apply for the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students through their school. The school will typically provide students with the necessary application forms and information on the application process. Students and their families can also check the official website of the Maharashtra State Government for updates on the application process.

What is the eligibility criteria for appearing in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

To be eligible to appear in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students, students must be enrolled in a government-run school in the state of Maharashtra and must meet the specified age and income criteria. The exact eligibility criteria are determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.

Is there a fee to participate in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

No, there is no fee to participate in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students. The examination is funded by the Maharashtra State Government and is designed to provide financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society.

What is the reward for passing the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

Students who pass the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students are awarded a scholarship by the Maharashtra State Government. The scholarship provides financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society and is aimed at promoting education and encouraging students to excel in their studies. The exact amount of the scholarship is determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.

Wednesday, December 6, 2023

Maharashtra Pre Upper Primary Scholarship Exam

 Maharashtra Pre Upper Primary Scholarship Exam



Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Examination (Maharashtra PUP Scholarship Exam) is an important exam for students studying in Class 5 in the state of Maharashtra. This scholarship exam is conducted by the government of Maharashtra and provides financial assistance to students who perform well in their studies.

In this page, we will provide a comprehensive guide to the Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Examination (Maharashtra Pre Upper Primary Scholarship Examination), including eligibility criteria, exam pattern, syllabus, and application process.


Eligibility Criteria: 

Students studying in Class 5 in government or recognized schools in Maharashtra are eligible to appear for this scholarship exam.

Students should have scored at least 50% marks in the previous academic year to be eligible for the scholarship.

Exam Pattern: 

The exam consists of multiple-choice questions in subjects such as mathematics, science, social science, and language (English or Marathi). The total number of questions and marks for each subject vary and will be specified in the exam notification. The duration of the exam is 2 hours

Syllabus:

The syllabus for the Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam is based on the Class 5 curriculum taught in schools in the state. The syllabus covers topics from mathematics, science, social science, and language (English or Marathi). Students are advised to refer to their textbooks and study materials to prepare for the exam.




Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam Application Process:

1.The application process for the Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam will be notified by the government in advance.

2.Students and parents should keep a lookout for the notification and apply online before the deadline.

3.Students will need to provide their personal and academic details, as well as their school information.

4.Students will also need to pay a small application fee, the amount of which will be specified in the notification.

Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam

The Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam is a great opportunity for students to receive financial assistance for their education. By performing well in this exam, students can also demonstrate their academic excellence and stand out from their peers.

Therefore, students and parents should take this exam seriously and prepare well for it. We hope that this guide provides useful information for students and parents preparing for the Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam.

Scholership exam

 

Scholership exam 

The Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (MSBSHSE) conducts scholarship exams for Class 5 and Class 8 students in the state of Maharashtra, India. These exams are designed to assess the academic abilities of the students and reward them for their hard work and dedication.


Maharashtra Class 5 Scholarship Exam 2024

The Maharashtra Class 5 scholarship exam is conducted for students in their 5th standard of primary school. The exam covers subjects such as Mathematics, Environmental Science, and Language (Marathi/English).

The purpose of this exam is to identify talented and bright students and provide them with financial assistance to further their education



Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam 2024

The Class 8 scholarship exam is conducted for students in their 8th standard of middle school. The exam covers subjects such as Mathematics, Science, and Language (Marathi/English).

The purpose of this exam is to identify students with exceptional academic abilities and provide them with financial assistance to support their education and encourage them to continue their studies.

The state gives scholarship to 100 students every year each from Class 5 and 8. Getting a state scholarship is a moment of pride for students as well as schools. Maharashtra Scholarship 2024 adds to the academic excellence of the students.

The date for MCSE PUP Class 5 an PSS Class 8 Scholarship exam have been announced by the School Education Minister for the state of Maharashtra.

The announcement was made on July 20 via the Twitter handle of the minister and an official notice was released for the same, which can be checked here.

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for the scholarship exam, students must be enrolled in a recognized school in the state of Maharashtra. They must also meet certain academic requirements and score well on their previous exams.

Exam Format

The scholarship exams are conducted in a written format, with multiple-choice questions. The exams are designed to test the students’ understanding and knowledge in the subjects covered.

Benefits of the Scholarship

The scholarship provides financial assistance to students to help them further their education. This support can greatly benefit students who come from economically disadvantaged backgrounds and may not otherwise have the resources to continue their education.

The Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 is a great opportunity for students to showcase their academic abilities and receive financial assistance to further their education.

Students who perform well on the exam can receive valuable support that can help them achieve their academic goals and pursue their dreams.

Maharashtra Scholarship Exam Date Highlights

The Upper Primary Scholarship Examination (E-5th) and Pre-Secondary Scholarship Examination (E-8th) is scheduled to be held in February.

Maharashtra Scholarship exam for MCSE PUP Class 5 and PSS Class 8 is scheduled to be held in February. 

Students are advised to keep a constant check here and on the official sites for more updates. 

A glimpse at the statistics for this examination tells us that more than 47,000 schools have registered for this examination across the state of Maharashtra. In these schools, more than 60 lakh students have applied for this Maharashtra Scholarship Exam.

Maharashtra Scholarship Exam is a state level exam conducted by the Maharashtra State Council of Examination, MSCE.

The exam aims at identifying students having academic talent in Class 5 and Class 8. Keep following this page for more updates on Maharashtra Scholarship exam.

Exam day instructions

1.Students appearing for the exam are advised to maintain social distancing in order to avoid overcrowding.

2.No student will be allowed to appear for Maharashtra Scholarship exam without admit card.

3.Students should not wear any fancy accessories and other items prohibited as per the examination rules.

4.Students must reach the exam center 1 hour before the commencement of the examination.

5.Students are advised to carefully read the instructions given on the cover page of the test booklet.

6.Fresh masks and gloves should be used by exam functionaries after staff verification is done. Same is applicable for students as well.

7.Sanitizer bottles would be arranged at the entry gate, examination rooms, staff room etc.

8.Students or other stakeholders having queries on Maharashtra Scholarship exam can reach out to the Help Desk.


Friday, November 24, 2023

Secondary education


Secondary education 




Secondary education begins in grade 9 and lasts until grade 12. The secondary stage is broken into two, two year cycles, generally referred to as General/Lower Secondary School, or 'Standard X', and Upper/Senior Secondary School, or 'Standard XII'.

Secondary education is the education stage following primary education. The basic concepts taught in the primary section are utilized in the secondary section bearing the concepts that the learners will be learning in their higher studies. Secondary education in India covers 2-3 years of academic study, including 8th, 9th, 10th, consisting of 13-16 years of age. 

Some states/UTs that consider 8th to 10th as a part of secondary education are Goa, Kerala, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Karnataka, Daman & Diu, Gujarat, etc. The states/UTs which consider class 9th and 10th as part of the secondary education are Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Delhi, Nagaland, etc.

The status of secondary education in India is a leap for the students to pursue their preferred streams to engage in a professional career. However, changes in secondary education are expected with the New Education Policy (NEP) introduced by the central government.


Class 10th Examination



Students of class 10th usually appear for the final examination in 5-6 subjects such as English, Mathematics, Social Science, Science, A language subjects, and another elective subject that will vary between schools and educational boards. Some of the most popular elective subjects within the country are Computer Applications, Physical Education, Economics, Environmental Science, and Commerce


Class 12th Examination


In the Secondary Education System in India, most schools do not provide students with flexibility in class 11th to pick the subjects of their choice within a particular stream of science, commerce, and arts. Instead, a standard set of subjects are pre-assigned to the students belonging to each stream. The core subjects for the Science stream are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths. For the commerce stream, the primary subjects are Accounts, Business Studies, and Economics. Finally, for the arts stream, the core subjects consist of History, Political Science, Geography, and Psychology.


Why is Secondary Education Important?




Secondary education has a very strategic position in the educational system of India. It is the bridge between primary education and higher education. The importance of Secondary Education is:

✰  To make the students all-rounders in understanding the important branches of knowledge.

✰  To train India's students to be good citizens who will contribute to the country's social and economic development and to maintain the democratic spirit of India.

✰  To improve the rational development and practical skills of students.

✰  To improve the practical efficiency of the students.

The struggle to revive secondary education came right after the Independence of India under the leadership of Pandit Nehru, the first prime minister of India. It started to take new initiatives by forming committees, commissions and to develop the infrastructure, quantity, and quality of secondary education in India. These committees suggested curriculums that would focus on the overall development of students instead of continuing the colonial legacy of rote-learning and were achieved to a certain level. However, the colonial concept of rote-learning remained in the system. 

Education nourishes the minds of students or learners. Education helps in the overall development of a student's personality and aptitude. As education moves parallel with society, it also changes the aims, objectives, and other central indicators for the upliftment of the young and talented youth of the country. The aims and objectives of education are not uniform for all stages of education. There are differences in the aims and objectives of primary, secondary, and higher education due to the variance of age and the student's mental and emotional growth.
In India, the central government shared that education has been a state subject, but it has been put on the simultaneous list. This has been done to achieve free and compulsory primary education because it is directed in Article 45 of the Indian Constitution that universal, free, and mandatory education becomes the center and state's joint responsibility

Features of Secondary Education in the New Education Policy (NEP)



Secondary education in India will be witnessing a change in the years to come. The model set by the education board is a little similar to that of the secondary system existing in America. But, there are some regional additions to it. The features of NEP that reflect secondary education in India are as follows:

❀. It will be called the secondary stage of education.

❀. It will have 9th, 10th, 11th, & 12th under its purview.

❀. The 9th to 10th will be categorized as junior high school students. The curriculum will also be prepared in that manner.

❀. The students from classes 11th to 12th will be categorized as senior high school or junior college students. The curriculum will be different from the existing ones, streams will be replaced with preferred subjects, and the same process will be mandated for colleges.

❀. The main aim of the NEP is to eradicate rote learning.


Sainik Schools

  Sainik Schools The Sainik Schools are a system of public schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Mini...