Thursday, May 16, 2024

ABACUS

 Abacus meaning 




We cannot imagine counting without numbers, but there was a time when written numbers did not exist. Earlier counting devices that were used for counting are the human hands and their fingers that are capable of counting only up to ten. Toes were also used to count when they had to count more than ten. A larger quantity was counted, with the help of natural items like pebbles, seashells and twigs. Merchants who used to trade goods needed a way to keep count of the goods they bought and sold.




Before the invention of Computers, calculators, or even arithmetic using paper and pencil, the Abacus was mostly used for counting numbers. Before the invention of the Abacus, the only methods people used were their fingers and toes for mathematical calculations. In this article, we will discuss the Abacus meaning their application and Abacus for kids.

What is Abacus?

It is an instrument that is used to calculate or count by using sliding counters and a rod. It was indeed the world's first calculator. It was first used in Europe, China, and Russia.The old version of the Abacus was a shallow tray that consisted of sand where numbers could be erased easily when needed. The modern Abacus can be made up of wood or plastic. It is like a rectangular box consisting of nine vertical rods strung with beads.

What is the Meaning of Abacus?

Abacus Meaning- Abundant Beads Addition Calculation Utility System.The Abacus is constructed of various types of hardwoods and comes in various sizes. The frame consists of a series of vertical rods on which several wooden beads are allowed to slide freely. A horizontal beam is used to separate the frame into two sections i.e the upper deck and the lower deck. Each rod consists of beads, which we can move up and down, with the help of the index and the thumb finger.

THE Salamis Tablet

Today we find the oldest surviving counting board to be the Salamis Tablet. This was originally thought to be a gaming board. It was used in 300 BC by the Babylonians and was discovered in the year 1849 on the island of Salamis. 

The Salamis Tablet is made from a white marble that measures 149 cm in length, 75 cm in width, and 4.5 cm in thickness. On this 5 groups of markings are made. At the centre of the Tablet, there are a set of five horizontal parallel lines that are divided equally with the help of a perpendicular vertical line. This is capped with a semicircle right at the intersection of the horizontal line and the vertical line at the bottom.  Below these lines. One would notice a wide space that has a horizontal crack dividing it. Right below this crack, we come across another set of eleven parallel lines which are again divided into two sections by a line that is perpendicular to them but has a semi-circle at the top of the intersection. The third, sixth and ninth lines are marked with a cross where they go and intersect with the vertical line. 

Along the left, right and bottom edges of the Tablets, three sets of Greek symbols are arranged. 

Types of Abacus

The Roman Abacus

Ancient Romans utilized stones as counters up and down on a smooth table to do calculations. It was developed to help bankers and money changers, businessmen and engineers. This Abacus is made from a metal plate. Additionally Romans invented other types of Abacus such as the dust Abacus, the line Abacus, the grooved Abacus. 

Japanese Soroban Abacus

Deriving inspiration from Chinese Suanpan, Soroban came into existence in the 14th century.  The beads in the Japanese Soroban are made from wood and bamboo rods to slide up and down. This Abacus is still in use, however, it is overshadowed by the use of electronic calculators. 

Russian Abacus

The main difference that one witness between the Chinese Abacus and the Russian Abacus is the position of its rods. These rods are placed horizontally in the case of the Russian Abacus and beads are slid from the right to left. A typical Russian Abacus would measure 28 cm wide and 46 cm in height. 

It is to be kept in mind that the Abacus is to be kept on the desk in such a manner that the direction of the right hand should coincide with the wire of the Abacus. 

Binary Abacus

In recent times it is witnessed that the use of the Abacus is not just limited to performing arithmetic operations. It is also used to explain how Computers would manipulate numbers. A binary Abacus is used to perform one such function. It teaches us the conversion of decimals into binary. A series of the beads are placed in three separate rows, where each bead is associated with counters as ‘on’ and ‘off’ or ‘1’ and ‘0’.

Cranmer Abacus

This Abacus was made by Tim Cranmer. This is known to be the modification of the current Abacus to support the learners that have vision disabilities. The learners can manipulate the beads that would in effect help them in the in-depth understanding of the numbers. This Abacus can be used to calculate various numbers involving arithmetic processes like addition, subtraction, division or multiplication. It can also be used to calculate square roots and cube roots. 

Abacus is a man-made calculating device invented around 5000 years ago. According to Historians, it was the Chinese people who invented Abacus around 500BC. As time passed, the design of an Abacus kit has widely varied in terms of style, size and material but the design of Abacus kits remains to be in a combination of rods and pebbles.

Abacus Computer

It is used to show how numbers, letters, and signs can be stored in a binary system on a Computer, or using an ASCII number. The device consists of a series of beads on parallel wires that are arranged in three separate rows. The beads in the Abacus represent a switch on the Computer in either an "on" or "off" position.

At what age, should we get an Abacus for kids?


 





Students have learned numbers by the age of 5-6. So, they can be introduced to Abacus training, after that they can start practising addition and subtraction.

Use of Abacus

 1. It is used to perform addition, subtraction,       division and multiplication. 

2. It can also be used to extract square roots and cubic roots of a number. 

3. The beads are manipulated with the help of the index finger or the thumb of one hand.

4.It removes fear about mathematics from the minds of students as it makes calculations easier.

5. It springs and harnesses the natural potential of the child.

6. It helps the child develop the basic and important skills of listening, speed, concentration, accuracy, imagination, creativity, innovation, photographic ability etc.

7. It also helps the students who suffer from dyslexia. Abacus improves their numerical skills where children learn through the sense of touching.

Research has proved that the left hemisphere of the brain, also known as the digital brain, provides analytical information and also controls reading, writing and calculation; and the right hemisphere is also known as the analogue brain that controls the three-dimensional senses, creativity, artistic senses. The research established the fact that the continuous practice of the Abacus can help develop the right side of the brain that is usually believed to be unused, thereby contributing to the development of the whole brain. 

It develops the spatial ability of the candidate that finds its use in the fields of architecture, engineering, science and so on.

Chinese Abacus

The Abacus is called “suanpan” in China. The divider is used to separate the left and right strings of beads. It has a total of seven beads, out of which two beads on the rods on one side and 5 beads on the rods on the other side of the divider. Chinese Abacuses are designed to be used for hexadecimal computation. Chinese also use their Abacuses for decimal computations. It can be used for doing division, multiplication and for taking square roots and cube roots as well if the user knows the techniques.

Did You Know?

Even today we use Abacus in certain parts of the world as a primary calculation or as a backup to modern counting devices. It is still used commonly in Japan, China, the Middle East, and Russia. It is a counting frame. It is used as a calculating tool.

The plural form of Abacus is Abaci.







Sunday, May 12, 2024

Sainik school exam syllabus

 Sainik school exam syllabus




Sainik school exam syllabus for std 6 and 9

The Sainik School Syllabus 2025 for Class 6 and 9 entrance exams have been announced by the National Testing Agency.

Syllabus 2025 contains crucial information on important themes, chapters, the marking scheme, and the Sainik School exam schedule. The Sainik school class 6 syllabus 2024 and the Sainik school class 9 syllabus 2024 subject wise is given here.

Sainik School Syllabus 2025 for Class 6 and 9.



There are only a limited number of places available, for which a large number of students fill out the Sainik School admission form. Sainik School Syllabus 2025 for Class 6 and 9 is available on the official website Students can use the Sainik school syllabus 2025 subject wise to study for the test. All students studying for the Sainik School test should become acquainted with the Sainik School class 6 Syllabus 2025 and Sainik School class 9 Syllabus 2025. Being aware of these topics will immensely aid students in efficiently studying for their AISSEE exam.

Sainik School Exam Pattern 2025 for Class 6 and 9.

Sainik School Exam Pattern

Class 6 exam pattern.

Medium

English/Hindi/Regional

Sections Covered

Maths, GK, language, and Intelligence

Total marks 300.


Class 9 exam pattern.

 Medium English

Maths, Intelligence, English, General Science and Social Studies

Total marks 400.


Sainik School Syllabus for Class 6

 Maths.

The most crucial section of the AISSEE question papers is mathematics. There will be 50 questions totaling 150 points. The topics of the Sainik School Syllabus 2025 class 6 Maths are shown  below.

Natural Numbers

Roman Numerals

Decimal Numbers

Prime and Composite Numbers

Operation on Numbers.

Percentage 

Circle

LCM and HCF

Area and Perimeter

Volume of Cube and Cuboids

Unitary Method

Simple Interest

Fractions

Arranging of Fractions

Lines and Angles

Plane Figures

Ratio and Proportion

Temperature

Profit and Loss

Conversion of Units

Speed and Time

Simplification

Average

Types of Angles

Complementary and Supplementary Angles.


English 

you can see the chapters of Sainik school class 6 syllabus 2025 English portion. This section will contain 25 questions at 50 points each in exam.

Comprehension Passage

Sentence Formation

Preposition

Verbs and Type

Article

Confusing Words

Vocabulary

Question Tags

Antonyms

Types of sentence

Synonyms

Idiom and Phrases

Adjectives

Collective Nouns

Interjection Number

Tense forms Gender

Kinds of Nouns

Adverbs

Kinds of Pronouns

Rhyming Words

Correct Spelling

Singular/Plural

Ordering of words in sentence

Science

The topics covered in the Sainik School Class 6 Syllabus 2025 Science are as follows. 

Plants & Animals

Food & Nutrition

Living things and non-living things

Human body

Diseases

Rocks and Minerals

Environment

Natural satellite

Natural calamities, etc.

General knowledge 

Elementary inquiries from Science and Social Studies will be addressed in the General Knowledge sections. 25 questions will be asked. The topics with the highest number of questions in the previous year’s exam are listed below.

Sainik School Syllabus 2025 for Class 6 Social Studies.

The chapters covered in the Sainik School Syllabus 2025 Class 6 Social Studies are as follows.

Freedom Fighters and Reformers

Continents and Oceans

Planets and Satellites

Freedom struggle

World & India Maps

Structure of Government

United Nation and its functions

Fundamental Rights and duties

Solar System

Motion of the earth

United Nation and its functions.

Sainik School Syllabus Class 6 

Intelligence.

The entrance exam for Sainik School class 6 syllabus 2025 intelligence comprises the following topics:

Analogies (mathematical & verbal)

Classification

Pattern (spatial and mathematical)

Visual reasoning

logical reasoning etc.








Syallabus of scholarship

 Syallabus of scholarship

Scholarship Exam for Standard 5th & 8th



For more than 50 years the Government of Maharashtra has conducted scholarship examinations for standard 4th and 7th. However according to the new GR ordinance, scholarship exams is now conducted for standard 5th and 8th.

Considering this we have introduced a new scholarship programme for enhancing Mathematics and English for students who will be enrolling for scholarship exam.

The course begins this year from 4th or 7th grade thereby allowing students to be prepared for the next year for 5th and 8th grade scholarship exams in advance.

Students can score well in most subjects but English and Mathematics is always difficult to comprehend and apply. This program will allow students to be prepared in advance for both these subjects therefore helping them score better.




Subjects Covered:

Language, Mathematics, Intelligence Test, Marathi.

Language:

Basic Grammar, Phrases, Clauses, Comprehension and Vocabulary.

Mathematics:

Number Line, Metric System, L.C.M and H.C.F, Average, Algebraic Expressions, Identities, Percentage, Discount, Rebate, Commission, Basic Geometry, Triangles, Polygons.

Intelligence Test:

Comprehension, Classification, Anatomy, Series, Relationship, Direction, Calendar, Age, Ranking, Position and Mathematical Puzzles

Paper Pattern

Paper 1

Language – 25 Questions/ 50 Marks. Mathematics – 50 Questions / 100 Marks. Time – 1 hour, 30 mins. Total – 75 Questions / 150 Marks

Paper 2

Marathi – 25 Questions / 50 Marks. IT- 50 Questions / 50 Marks. Time – 1 hour, 30 mins. Total – 75 Questions / 150 Marks

Who can participate –

5th & 8th Std students of SSC, CBSE, ICSE etc.

Difficulty level of Questions – East -30%, Medium – 40% and Hard – 30%.

Benefits:

1.Important topics of Language and Mathematics are covered. 2.Basic concepts are cleared at a very early stage which will help students in their further studies. 3.Time management, planning, analytical and intellectual skills are developed. 4.It also helps students to tackle school academics studies. 5.Fear of exam is also overcomes and they inculcate a habit of self study. 6.Weak areas of a particular subject are identified and can be worked upon it. 7.It also aid in career selection because students begin to recognise their ares of interest while gaining a deeper understanding of subjects. 8.Thus it lay a groundwork for a successful career. 9.Finally it helps in future competitive exams like HM-JEE, Banking, Government exams, 10.Entrance Exams, etc.


Wednesday, February 21, 2024

Sainik Schools

 Sainik Schools




The Sainik Schools are a system of public schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence (MoD). They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the officer cadre of the Indian Military. The primary objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare students academically, mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Indian Naval Academy (INA). Sainik Schools, along with 1 RIMC and 5 RMS (Rashtriya Military Schools), contribute 25% to 30% officer cadets to NDA and INA. As of 2021, there were 33 Sainik Schools, and MoD will establish 100 more boarding Sainik Schools in public–private partnership (PPP) mode. MoD run Sainik Schools as joint venture with the respective state governments. MoD provides annual funding, and serving officers on deputation to school. State governments provide the land, infrastructure, and other teaching and administrative employees. Sainik Schools follow the "CBSE Plus" by using CBSE curriculum while additionally aiming to prepare children for entry into NDA and INA. Admission to Sainik Schools is granted at class VI and class IX. The reservation policy caters for SC/ST, domicile of the respective states and the wards of Armed Forces employees and ex-servicemen.

History




The inspiration for setting up the Sainik Schools came from the Royal Indian Military College (RIMC) and Royal Indian Military Schools (now called Rashtriya Military School or RMS) which have given India many service chiefs. 1 RIMC and 5 RMS were established by the government after the World War I to Indianise the British Colonial Military in India by providing western style education with the aim to prepare the potential pool of future military officers. RIMC was established in 1922. Five RMS were established, namely Chail Military School in 1922, Ajmer Military School in 1930, Belgaum Military School in 1945, Bangalore Military School in 1946 and Dholpur Military School in 1962. First Sainik School came up in 1961. Additionally, there are several private military schools, Maharashtra has highest number of those.Oldest private military school is Bhonsala Military School, which was established in 1937. Although Sainik School, Lucknow, established in 1960 was the first Sainik School, is not under the Sainik School Society, but rather under Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860). In 2008, in his Union Budget the Finance minister, P Chidambaram, allocated ₹2 crore to each of the 25 Sainik schools, to counter rising attrition in the defence forces, especially at the officer level. Sainik schools are ordinary citizen's public school where deserving students get high-quality education irrespective of their income or class background. Seats are reserved for children of SC/ST and serving/retired defence personnel. The objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare the students to lead as officers in the Defence Services of the country. The schools select bright and promising students through an All India Sainik School Entrance Examination (AISSEE) and focus on moulding their overall personality with emphasis on extracurricular activities. Sainik schools resources allow cadets to develop their skills in sports, academics and other extracurricular activities. Infrastructure in Sainik Schools include running tracks, cross-country tracks, indoor games, parade grounds, boxing rings, firing ranges, canoeing clubs, horse riding clubs, mountaineering clubs, trekking and hiking club, obstacles courses, football, hockey and cricket fields, as well as volleyball and basketball courts. Cadets also become a part of NCC. A cadet who completes their 12th standard usually possess a NCC B certificate. Cadets are assigned to houses. They are classified as sub-juniors, juniors and seniors respectively depending upon their class of study. Cadets compete in sports, physical training, academics, cross country, drill and various other competitions to win their house trophy.

Sainik Schools Society

The Sainik Schools Society is an organisation under the Ministry of Defence. The Chief Executive Body of the Sainik Schools Society is a Board of Governors functioning under the Chairmanship of the Defence Minister. For exercising closer control and supervision over the affairs of Sainik Schools there is an executive committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary. The day-to-day work of the Society is managed by JS (Trg) & Hony Secretary who is assisted by Inspecting Officers, DS (Trg), Under Secretary, Sainik Schools Society (Sainik School Cell). The staff for the cell is provided by the MoD. The local administration of the school is looked after by a Local Board of Administration whose chairman is the GoC-in-C of the concerned Command where the Sainik School is located.

Thursday, January 11, 2024

About JNV

 About JNV

Total 661 functional residential schools have been sanctioned in 638 districts of India with some special case institutes. These are administered by eight regional offices with jurisdiction over different states and UTs.




Regions 

Bhopal (113)

Chhattisgarh (28), Madhya Pradesh (54), Odisha (31)

Chandigarh (59)

Chandigarh(1), Himachal  Pradesh (12), J&K (21), Ladakh (2), Punjab (23)

Hyderabad (77)

A & N Islands (3), Andhra Pradesh(15), Karnataka (31), Kerala (14),Lakshadweep (1), Puducherry (4), Telangana (9)

Jaipur (65)

Delhi (9), Haryana (21), Rajasthan (35)

Lucknow (89)

Uttarakhand (13), Uttar Pradesh (76)

Patna (85)

Bihar (39), Jharkhand (26), West Bengal (20)

Pune (73)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (1+2), Goa (2),Gujarat (34), Maharashtra (34)

Shillong (100)

Arunachal Pradesh (18), Assam (28), Manipur (11),Meghalaya (12), Mizoram (8), Nagaland (11), Sikkim (4), Tripura (8)

Admission

Admission to Class VI of the JNVs requires qualification in the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test (JNVST), an entrance exam designed, developed and conducted by the CBSE. JNVST for Class VI is conducted annually throughout the country to select the 80 most meritorious students for each JNV. It is conducted in three phases per year, depending upon the session structure in the specific state or union territory. Candidates can apply for the test only once during their Class V. Competition in the entrance exam can be gauged from the fact that in JNVST 2021, a total of 2,41,7009 students appeared and 47,320 students were selected (i.e. approx 2% pass percentage) The test encompasses mental ability skills, mathematics, and regional language. The schools provide reservations as per NVS policy which encompasses reservation for ST, SC and OBCs, at least 75% selection of students from rural areas, maximum 25% from urban areas, fixed 33% for female students and 3% for disabled candidates.

To compensate for attrition and optimally utilize seats, JNVST, developed by CBSE, is also conducted for admission to Class IX and lateral admissions, based on lateral test for filling the vacant seats as most of the seats in class 11th are given to students passing 10th from the school.




Academics at JNVs

JNVs have classes from VI to XII standard. A particular JNV usually provides two streams among Science, Arts and Commerce for Class XI and XII. JNVs are known for their academic excellence, which can be attributed to their merit-based entrance test and unique climate provided for otherwise disadvantaged children,[21] and which is further proven by their performance at board examinations. More than half of JNVs have been equipped with smart classes. These schools regularly organize science congresses and exhibitions to promote a research mindset.

Three-language formula

To facilitate migration every JNV student learns three languages in class VI to Class IX.[23] These languages are grouped into A Level, B-I Level and B-II Level. The pattern followed in different categories of states is as shown in the table below. However, CBSE mandates for children to study two languages only. Therefore, students of each category of states appear for A Level and B-I level languages at CBSE examinations.

Board results

JNVs has consistently produced the best results in CBSE board examinations over the years. In 2015–16 results, JNVs had a pass percentage of, 98.87% in Class X board exams and 96.73% in Class XII board exams. The pass percentage for JNVs has been higher than independent private schools, government schools and even Kendriya Vidyalayas. Quality of performance in the Board examinations has been exemplary with an average score of about 75% in Grade 12th and 78% in class 10th, with more than 89% of students scoring First Division scores, in the Board Examinations 2019.

Science promotion activities

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti provides various experiences leading to science promotion and motivation to students to select STEM as their career. Various activities under this include: Children Science Congress, Participation in multiple academic contests/Challenges/Olympiads, visit Research Institutes, Tinkering Labs in schools, Environmental activities, Arranging International exposure to students, Enriched ICT support and Entrepreneurial skill training.

The annual Science Congress is organized annually in collaboration with research institutes and institutes of national importance at the regional level. Exhibitions are organized at school, cluster, regional and national level for physics, chemistry Biology and maths.

Smart classes

Navodaya Vidyalayas in collaboration with Samsung India set up smart classes in 450 JNVs and 7 Navodaya Leadership Institutes from 2013 to 2019.A smart class is typically equipped with an interactive Smartboard, laptops/tablets, Wi-Fi connectivity and power backup. A smart class supplements regular lessons in mathematics, science social science, English, and Hindi to explain concepts in an engaging and interactive manner. Teachers are trained to use the equipment effectively.

Social and cultural life

The social milieu of JNVs is defined by the mingling of different sections of society from various regions of India since these schools follow the affirmative action policy and have a policy for migration from different linguistic regions. Teachers, chosen from across the country, live on the same campus and interact with students on a 24X7 basis leading to a familial feeling.

Promotion of National Integration through Migration

One of the important features of the JNV scheme is the Migration Programme wherein two linked JNVs of different linguistic categories exchange students between them.  The aim of the exchange program is to "promote national integration and enrich social content". According to the scheme, a selected 30% of Class IX students are exchanged between two linked JNVs of different linguistic categories (generally between Hindi-speaking and non-Hindi-speaking states) for one year. During the migration period the three languages being taught to migrated students remain the same as in their parent JNV, but social and cultural exchanges are facilitated by their language learning in Class VI to IX.  Initially migration was envisaged for students from Class IX to Class XII; it was reduced to two years (Class IX and Class X) in 1991–92. Finally in 1996-97 it was confined to only Class IX students.




Thursday, December 21, 2023

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya


Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) is a system of central schools for talented students predominantly from rural areas in India, targeting gifted students who lack access to accelerated learning due to financial, social and rural disadvantages.



 They are run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, Noida, an autonomous organization under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education .JNVs are fully residential and co-educational schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), with classes from VI to XII standard.

 
Budget for all the activities at JNVs are provided by the Ministry of Education, and it's free of cost for students during the first 3 years of stay, from class IX onwards a nominal fee of ₹600 per month is applicable for general and OBC caste students.

JNVs exist all over India, with the exception of Tamil Nadu. As of 31 December 2022, 661 JNVs were running with about 2,87,568 students enrolled, out of which 2,51,430 (≈87%) were from rural areas. In 2022, JNVs were the top-ranked C.B.S.E. schools, having a pass percentage of 99.71% and 98.93% in 10th and 12th grades respectively.





History of JNV

The idea of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas conceived by former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. The concept of opening a JNV in every district of India was born as a part of the National Policy on Education, 1986 with an aim of providing excellence coupled with social justice. Subsequently, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) was registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.




As per policy of the government, one JNV was to be established in each district of country. To start with, two Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas were established during 1985–86, at Jhajjar (Haryana) and Amravati (Maharashtra). As of the 2022-23 academic session, JNVs had been sanctioned for 638 districts. In addition, ten JNVs have been sanctioned in districts having a large population of ST population, ten in districts having a large concentration of SC population and 3 special JNVs in Manipur and Ratlam, bringing the total number of sanctioned JNVs to 661. Out of these 649 JNVs are functional.

Organisational structure

Navodaya Vidyalayas are run by the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS), an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Education (MoE)(formerly the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) (1985–2020) ), Department of School Education and Literacy, Govt. of India. The Chairman of the Samiti is the Minister of Education.

The Samiti functions through the executive committee under the Chairmanship of the Minister of Education. The executive committee is responsible for the management of all affairs including allocation of funds to the Samiti and has the authority to exercise all powers of Samiti. It is assisted by two sub-committees, the Finance Committee and Academic Advisory Committee. The executive head of the administrative pyramid is the Commissioner who executes the policies laid down by the Samiti's executive committee. He/she is assisted at the Headquarters level by Joint Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners. 

The Samiti has established eight regional offices for the administration and monitoring of Navodaya Vidyalayas under their jurisdiction. These offices are headed by a deputy commissioner and assistant commissioners.

For each JNV, there is a Vidyalaya Advisory Committee for assistance on matters of academics, infrastructure and other general activities and a Vidyalaya Management Committee for budget preparation, selection of ad-hoc teachers and proper functioning of the school.Normally the district collector of the concerned district is the ex-officiol chairman of school level committees with local educationists, public representatives and officers from the district as members. Some schools also have a Vidhyalaya Coordination Committee for looking after the performance of academics.

Tuesday, December 12, 2023

Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam

 Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam



The Maharashtra Pre Secondary Scholarship Examination (Maharashtra Class 8 Scholarship Exam) is an important event for students in Class 8 in the state of Maharashtra.

It provides a platform for students to demonstrate their academic ability, get recognized for their hard work and dedication, and receive financial assistance for their further education.

Students who are preparing for the examination are encouraged to study hard and give their best shot to achieve their goals.




MAHA Scholarship Exam FAQs


What is the eligibility criteria for appearing in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

To be eligible to appear in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students, students must be enrolled in a government-run school in the state of Maharashtra and must meet the specified age and income criteria. The exact eligibility criteria are determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.

What is the reward for passing the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

Students who pass the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students are awarded a scholarship by the Maharashtra State Government. The scholarship provides financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society and is aimed at promoting education and encouraging students to excel in their studies. The exact amount of the scholarship is determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.





What is the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

The Maharashtra Scholarship Exam is an annual examination conducted by the Maharashtra State Government for students studying in government-run schools in Class 5 and Class 8. The exam is designed to provide financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society and to promote education and encourage students to excel in their studies.

How do I apply for the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

Students can apply for the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students through their school. The school will typically provide students with the necessary application forms and information on the application process. Students and their families can also check the official website of the Maharashtra State Government for updates on the application process.

What is the eligibility criteria for appearing in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

To be eligible to appear in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students, students must be enrolled in a government-run school in the state of Maharashtra and must meet the specified age and income criteria. The exact eligibility criteria are determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.

Is there a fee to participate in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

No, there is no fee to participate in the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students. The examination is funded by the Maharashtra State Government and is designed to provide financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society.

What is the reward for passing the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam?

Students who pass the Maharashtra Scholarship Exam for Class 5 and Class 8 students are awarded a scholarship by the Maharashtra State Government. The scholarship provides financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society and is aimed at promoting education and encouraging students to excel in their studies. The exact amount of the scholarship is determined by the Maharashtra State Government and may vary from year to year.

ABACUS

  Abacus meaning   We cannot imagine counting without numbers, but there was a time when written numbers did not exist. Earlier counting dev...